Pulkit is a junior fellow of the ORF Nuclear and Space Policy Initiative. Their research focuses on India`s nuclear program and the use of nuclear energy. She is also interested in nuclear non-proliferation policy and international regimes involved in maintaining the nuclear world order. In view of the implementation of the agreement, both sides attempted to articulate an incisive path by working positively in the relationship and removing the possibility of conflict.  In the agreement, there was a dispute over the issue of civil liability. Following the aforementioned litigation and the continuing issue of liability in the wake of the Bhopal Gas tragedy, the Indian Parliament passed the Nuclear Damage Civil Liability Act in 2010, which created compensation mechanisms for victims, provisions relating to supplier liability (section 17B) and potentially unlimited liability under other laws (section 46).  These aspects of the law have hindered the implementation of the nuclear agreement between India and the United States. Japan is an important player in the civilian nuclear energy market and such a nuclear agreement will “facilitate cooperation with U.S. nuclear power plant manufacturers such as Westinghouse Electric Corporation and GE Energy Inc.” , more easily and improve the prospects for the construction of nuclear power plants in India, both conglomerates having Japanese investments.
Japan has a “quasi-monopoly monopoly” on the reactor components of the AP100 and EPR reactors, such as safety components and domes.  After the Fukushima nuclear disaster in 2011, the nuclear industry experienced an almost global crisis. Stricter safety rules have led to increased construction costs for nuclear power plants and some countries have become more cautious about new nuclear reactors. The agreement with India is expected to have the effects of the revival of Japan`s civil nuclear industry, which has not yet recovered from the setback of the Fukushima accident. Hitachi, Mitsubishi and Toshiba all focus on repairing and maintaining existing facilities (most of which are idling) and not on building new facilities.  This agreement will strengthen the energy security objectives of India and Japan, while accelerating the pace of strategic cooperation between the two sides, as they play a greater role in ensuring a safe Indo-Pacific area.