The International Association for Social Security (ISSA) is creating a database on international social security agreements. A first step includes information on existing social security agreements, including contracting states, the effective date, the duration of the reference period for seconded workers, the duration of insurance for the self-employed, the types of social security branches covered, as well as other references and links. In a second phase, the database will contain information about the operation. Although some difficulties have arisen, notably with regard to the interpretation of certain provisions, the CARICOM agreement is an important instrument in a highly labour-intensive region and demonstrates the feasibility of multilateral agreements between non-industrial countries with low populations. The convention meets the five objectives of the social security agreements and includes all workers, family members and survivors who are nationals of a contracting party to the agreement and who are or have been subject to one of the parties to the social security scheme. Cash and in-kind benefits are included in the agreement with respect to age, disability, death of a family member, work injury, maternity or illness, including family allowances, which are granted in all legal social security schemes. Anyone seeking more information about the U.S. Social Security Totalization Program – including details of some existing agreements – should write that, in addition to better social security for active workers, international social security agreements help ensure continuity of benefit protection for people who have acquired social security credits under the U.S. and another country`s system.
Since the late 1970s, the United States has established a network of bilateral social security agreements that coordinate the U.S. social security program with similar programs in other countries. This article provides a brief overview of the agreements and should be of particular interest to multinationals and people who work abroad during their careers. International social security agreements are beneficial for both those who work today and those whose careers are over. For current workers, the agreements eliminate the double contributions they might otherwise make to social security plans in the United States and another country.