Main Points Of The Good Friday Agreement

In addition, they acknowledged that a majority was in favour of British rule and said that Northern Ireland would continue to be part of Britain. The agreement was reached between the British and Irish governments as well as eight northern Ireland political parties or groups. Three were representative of unionism: the Ulster Unionist Party, which had led unionism in Ulster since the early 20th century, and two small parties linked to loyalist paramilitaries, the Progressive Unionist Party (linked to the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) and the Ulster Democratic Party (the political wing of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA). Two of them have been widely described as nationalists: the Social Democratic and Labour Party and Sinn Féin, the Republican party affiliated with the Provisional Republican Army. [4] [5] Apart from these rival traditions, there were two other assemblies, the Inter-Community Alliance Party and the Northern Ireland Women`s Coalition. There was also the Labour coalition. U.S. Senator George J. Mitchell was sent by U.S. President Bill Clinton to chair the talks between parties and groups. [6] The British government is virtually out of the game and neither Parliament nor the British people have the legal right, as part of this agreement, to obstruct the achievement of Irish unity if it had the approval of the north and south people… Our nation is and will remain a nation of 32 circles.

Antrim and Down are and will remain a part of Ireland, just like any southern county. [20] Prior to the agreement, the Irish Constitution maintained a territorial right to Northern Ireland. The new provisions adopted by referendum provide that if the will of the Irish nation is to unite the island, these changes can only be made with the agreement of a democratically expressed majority of the people in the two jurisdictions of the island. Changes have also been made to reflect the citizenship rights of all Citizens Born in Northern Ireland, as outlined in the agreement. The Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland, which is included in the UK`s withdrawal agreement from the EU, confirmed that the Good Friday Agreement must be protected in all its parts. Three decades of violence between predominantly Catholic Republicans, on the one hand, and mostly Protestant trade unionists, on the other, would have left a “deep and deeply regrettable legacy of suffering.” The previous text contains only four articles; It is this short text that is the legal agreement, but it contains the latter agreement in its timetables. [7] Technically, this proposed agreement can be distinguished as a multi-party agreement, unlike the Belfast Agreement itself. [7] The agreement came after many years of complex discussions, proposals and compromises. A lot of people have made a great contribution. Tony Blair and Bertie Ahern were the leaders of the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland at the time.