Most Russian double taxation conventions contain provisions for the following, which constitute taxable income, such as: the main purpose of these contracts is to protect the investor from double taxation for identical income in two different countries and to prevent tax discrimination against a signatory country abroad. In particular, interest, royalties, pensions and dividends are subject to these double taxation agreements. Cyprus has 45 double taxation agreements and is negotiating with many other countries. Under these agreements, a credit is normally accepted against the tax collected by the country in which the taxpayer is established for taxes collected in the other contracting country, resulting in the taxpayer not paying more than the higher of the two rates. Some contracts provide for an additional tax credit that would otherwise have been due had it not been provided for incentives in the other country, which would have resulted in an exemption or tax reduction. Most Russian double taxation conventions contain provisions on stable establishment status that allow foreign companies to operate in various forms in that country. Under this status, foreign companies can benefit from advantageous tax conditions. While the double taxation conventions provide for the exemption from double taxation, Hungary has only about 73. This means that Hungarian citizens who receive income from the 120 countries and territories with which Hungary does not have a contract will be taxed by Hungary, regardless of the tax that has already been paid elsewhere. A DBA (double taxation agreement) may require that the tax be levied by the country of residence and that it be exempted in the country where it is created.
In other cases, the resident may pay a withholding tax on the country where the income was collected and the taxpayer receives a compensatory tax credit in the country of residence to take into account the fact that the tax has already been paid. In the first case, the taxpayer (abroad) would declare himself non-resident. In both cases, the DBA may provide for the two tax authorities to exchange information on these returns. Because of this communication between countries, they also have a better view of individuals and businesses trying to evade or evade tax.  There are two ways to benefit from double taxation exemptions: without tax deduction or with a reduced tax deduction, as agreed in the double taxation agreement. The signing of the agreement on the prevention of double taxation has four main consequences. 4. In the event of a tax dispute, agreements can provide a two-way consultation mechanism and resolve the issues in dispute. Double taxation Conventions The treaty`s main objectives in preventing double taxation and preventing tax evasion are the promotion of economic cooperation between countries and the promotion of foreign investment. The text of Georgia`s contracts is based on the model of the OECD tax treaty, which distributes tax duties among the contracting parties. In particular, residents of a Contractant State who receive income from the other State party may be taxed, either in the State of origin or in the country of residence. In order to avoid double taxation, residents of a contracting state that earns income from the other state party are paid by tax in the source state.
The DBA Treaty also regulates issues relating to the prevention of tax evasion and the implementation of internationally recognized tax exchange standards. BulgariaThe Bulgarian tax treaty and international conventions apply in case of conflict between the provisions of the Income Tax Act or the Double Taxation Convention.