Table 2 shows the importance of Australia to each British nation according to the main product sectors. This underlines the diversity of exports to Australia in different British countries. Thirteen NGOs considered trade in services to be a priority, and several called for smooth trade in services. Some NGOs have called for the inclusion of MRPQs in a section of services for a potential free trade agreement between Britain and Australia, including quotas and licences. Some NGOs saw the greatest opportunity to increase trade in services, with one saying that the difference in time zones is advantageous, as services and assistance can be provided by different offices and across time zones, which stimulates the globalised service sector. The NGOs also stated that the UK was at the forefront of financial services and called for the UK`s high regulatory requirements to be protected. Thirteen NGOs expressed concern about a number of service-related issues, including ISDS and the lack of transparency in possible negotiations. One NGO expressed concern about the limited role of decentralized administrations, whereby future trade agreements could address decentralized issues. Respondents also spoke about the importance of protecting public services, including the NHS.
As shown in Chart 16, the outcome depends to a large extent on assumptions about the degree of liberalization of the agreement. This appendix contains the method of reconciling potential levels of tariff savings for British firms on imports of intermediate and finished goods. The impact on SMEs in the UK and the one-time costs associated with initiating the agreement are also examined. The impact of a free trade agreement between the United Kingdom and Australia on transport emissions is uncertain, but possible changes may result from changes in trade in volume, the distance of goods transported and the composition of goods traded. The CGE model in this scoping assessment combines a hypothesis for the UK`s future trade relationship with the EU (baseline) with two scenarios illustrating the “deepness” of a potential free trade agreement between the UK and Australia, in terms of tariff reductions, trade in goods and regulatory restrictions in trade in services. It is particularly difficult to quantify the environmental impact of increased trade in services, as not all commercial transactions are accounted for when crossing the border. For example, the free movement of people linked to the trade in services is covered by business travel statistics, but these registrations are not industry-specific and are therefore due to purchases or decreases in certain service sectors. However, it is recognized that services involving passenger transport will have a different ecological footprint than services that do not. However, many cross-border services would likely be those that do not have a physical component, such as IT.B.